The 12 Must Have Items For Your First Aid Kit

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Whether you are travelling, going camping, school trip, in an office, at home or anywhere there is activity that can lead to injury; a first aid kit should be the number one item in your mind. This is to help either you or any other person that may need urgent help before being taken to the hospital. A first aider gives basic first aid to someone who needs it to preserve life, try to stop the casualty’s condition from becoming worse or promote recovery.

Here are 12 items that at least you must have in your first aid kit:

  • Crepe bandage

Crepe bandage comes in different sizes (2 inch, 3 inch, 4 inch, and 6 inch). This is a piece of elastic material ideal for providing light support to sprains and strains. Restricts movement and avoids further swelling to the injured part. It is also used to hold a pad or dressing in place.

  • Cotton wool

Used for cleaning and bathing the skin and bathing wounds. A small size cotton wool is preferred for a first aid box. The cotton wool should not take most of the space so that you do not have room for essential items.The size of the cotton wool can change depending on the number of people you expect to cover.

  • Elastoplast

This may be used to dress minor cuts, abrasions, punctures or lacerations to prevent dust and fluid that may cause infection on the affected area. One that is waterproof is the best to have in a first aid kit.

  • Surgical/Methylated spirit

This is used for cleaning and disinfecting wounds. The quantity varies with the size of the first aid kit. Don’t buy a big bottle to avoid taking so much space in the kit.

  • Alcohol swabs

Alcohol swabs are used to clean insect bites and new blisters. They can be used to disinfect the scissors also.

  • Examination gloves

Examination gloves are used to prevent cross contamination between a caregiver and a casualty. You should wear gloves if you might touch bodily fluids, blood, tissues or anything that might have come into contact to these things. Preventing cross infection using gloves is an important part of keeping yourself safe as you save life.

  • Sterile gauze swabs

Comes three inch or four inch, there is always danger of infection or losing of blood if a major vessel has been damaged. Five compressed sterile gauze swabs can be used to apply direct pressure to a wound and hence prevent or stop the bleeding. Apart from that, the compressed gauze helps in cleaning the open wound, stemming, and absorbing blood and exudate fluids from a wound. A single gauze can be folded or cut into a small piece to help cover minor wounds with help of an adhesive tape.

  • A pair of scissors

For cutting bandages and other things that need to be used in small size. The scissors can help cut other items not necessarily the ones in the first aid kit so long as you are saving life.

  • Surgical blade

Surgical blade is a leaf shaped blade sharpened along its leading edge. Used for making short and precise incisions, excision of a skin lesion.

  • Roll of adhesive tape (Transpore/ Zinc oxide plaster)

Holds bandages in place or for tying gauze in place. This is the best way to hold a dressing in the right place.

  • White Open Wove (W.O.W ) bandages

They come in different sizes (2 inch, 3 inch, 4 inch, and 6 inch). The bandage does not contain elastic material and it will not constrict wounds. It is ideal for securing wound dressing in place.

  • Pain reliever gel

There are different brands of these gels in the market and they are used to treat minor aches and pains of the muscles, joints, backaches and sprains.

List Of Top 10 Most Abused Prescription Drugs

Photo by Sharon McCutcheon on Unsplash

This is a list of prescription drugs mostly abused either through fake prescriptions or through refill of one prescription more than once. Prolonged used of these medication leads to addiction and dependence. Emergency contraceptives (P2s) are raising concern since the use is getting out of control. A majority of young adults is using it more than recommended.

Emergency contraceptives {levonorgestrel}

In most chemists, it sold as an OTC. Oral emergency contraceptive may help to prevent a pregnancy if taken within 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse or failure of a contraceptive method. Repeated administration within a menstrual cycle is not advisable because of the possibility of disturbance in the cycle.


This is medication prescribed for short-term use in anxiety. Bromazepam belongs to the class of medications known as benzodiazepines and it works to reduce anxiety by affecting certain substances in the brain called neurotransmitters.


This is also a benzodiazepine used in the treatment of anxiety, insomnia with anxiety, child night terrors and somnambulism, acute alcohol withdrawal, acute panic attacks, status epilepticus, convulsions due to poisoning, cerebral spasticity, muscle spasm, as rectal solution and acute anxiety and agitation. Mode of action is by potentiation of effect of Gamma-amino butyrate (GABA)

Concomitant use of benzodiazepines may result in profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma and death.


Alprazolam is medication prescribed for short-term use in anxiety associated with depression. Mode of action is by potentiation of effect of Gamma-Amino butyrate (GABA).


Midazolam is medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, trouble sleeping and severe agitation. Mode of action: Midazolam is known to potentiate the inhibitory effects of amino butyric acid (GABA) in the CNS.

Codeine Phosphate

It is an active ingredient in some cough suppressants and painkillers Indications: Mild to moderate pain especially of visceral origin, coughing and diarrhea.


Zolpidem is a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic of imidazopyrimine class used in short term management of insomnia. Like benzodiazepines, it interacts with a GABA receptor complex and shares some of the pharmacological properties of the benzodiazepines it also binds to omega 1 receptor.


Dihydrocodeine is an opioid agonist analgesic used to relief moderate to severe pain including pain. It is more potent than codeine.


Used in prolonged relieve of severe and intractable pain acute or chronic; opioid adjunct during general anesthesia; adjunct in acute pulmonary oedema; relief of severe dyspnea.


This is more of a street drug than pharmacy drug. It belongs to the benzodiazepine class of drugs. It is a hypnotic for drug for short-term use.

Night Time Over The Counter (OTC) Cough Suppressant Is Now Prescription Only Medicine (POM)

The Pharmacy and Poisons Board has banned Benylin with codeine alongside other cough suppressants that contain codeine phosphate as the active ingredient. This means you will need a valid prescription from a physician for you to get a bottle of the same. This is good news and at the same time bad news, good news since this will help in controlling the abuse and bad news is that addicts will have to go an extra mile first to get a prescription before they can buy any syrup. The sales will also go down since these products will become slow moving.

Cough medicines are medications used in those with coughing and related conditions. Codeine is a centrally acting cough suppressant. This ingredient causes drowsiness and when taken in high doses it makes someone high. Continuous use of the same leads to addiction and dependence. Addicts can visit a pharmacy frequently without even having a cough. Some buy several bottles from different pharmacies to avoid being flagged or noticed.

These are some of OTC cough syrups addict’s favorites;


Each 5ml contains;

Promethazine hcl bp 4mg

Codeine phosphate bp 8mg

Ephedrine hcl 8mg

Menthol bp 0.5mg

Actifed dry cough & cold

Each 5ml contains;

Pseudoephedrine 30mg

Triprolidine 1.25mg

Codeine phosphate 10mg

Benylin with codeine

Each 5ml contains;

Diphenhydramine hydrochloride 12.5mg

Codeine phosphate 10mg

Ammonium chloride 125mg

Phencod Cough

Each 5ml contains;

Promethazine 4mg

Dextromethorphan 8mg

Ephedrine hcl 7.5mg









Liebster Award – Thanks


I don’t usually write midweek since most of my free days are weekends. So this week I was nominated for some award! The award is not about me not prescribing controlled drugs, I have not heard of it before and this makes it interestingly an award I should look forward to. Liebster is a German word which means dearest. This award is designed to help smaller bloggers with less than 200 followers get more exposure with the help of other bloggers.  It is a great way to get your words out by getting the word out with other bloggers.

Great thanks to womenlifestyleblog for nominating me for my first Liebster award. I must say I feel humbled and happy; actually, I got my first follow from her ten days ago. I was just wondering through my wordpress reader looking for a blog about health and lifestyle when I found her blog. I got impressed with her blog, she is objective and informative and for sure, you will find one or two of her articles to be helpful.

I checked out the blog and I must say it is educative; her posts are like CMEs to me and exactly the right prescription to supplement myself with the regular posts. I get to refresh myself with information relevant to me. Here are two of her posts I think you should check out.

I would like to nominate

 Please click their links below to check out what they are writing about. You will be surprised the entire selection is not about medicine, lifestyle or healthy living I am inspired by their writing and content. I like diversity and new things basically differed stuff and the list below fits that.

  1. learn – The Molecular Biologist
  2. #moe404
  3. Piyali’s blogs
  5. Rude Girl – Living in an Aspie World

My Favorite Blog

I know WOMEN’S INSPIRATION TO HEALTH AND FITNESS must have searched to the last text something to say about my blog. It is crazy that my blog is mostly random text to fill space, yes I just love writing and this part that I have to say my favorite blog is kinda difficult. Long story short this week I interacted with Rude Girl’s blog and the experience was awesome. Her blogs tittle is weird I don’t understand why she chose that, but well that is that she is cool. I like movies coincidentally she was reviewing a series I have been following since season one to eight here. You just don’t understand how it feels when you find someone you can share with the same interests.

10 Random Facts About Me

  1. I enjoy reading and filling prescriptions.
  2. I a problem solver
  3. I love adventure especially internet adventure
  4. I enjoy watching and listening to music, I would like to share my current playlist but let us just leave it there.
  5. I at my best writing as I listen to music
  6. I am so into black and white pics and animations
  7. I have been learning webdesign through youtube and online DIYs
  8. I like making new friends
  9. I am so passionate about healthy living and how humans interact
  10. Fam is key yall

The Liebster Award Rules

If you have been nominated for The Liebster Award AND YOU CHOOSE TO ACCEPT IT, write a blog post about the Liebster award in which you should do the following:

1) Thank the person who nominated you, and put a link to their blog on your blog. Try to include a little promotion for the person who nominated you. They will thank you for it and those who you nominate will also help you out as well.

2) Display the award on your blog — by including it in your post and/or displaying it using a “widget” or a “gadget”. (Note that the best way to do this is to save the image to your own computer and then upload it to your blog post.)

3)Write a 150-300 word post about your favorite blog that is not your own. Explain why you like the blog, provide links.

4)Provide 10 random facts about yourself. (Optional. However,  If you wish to engage with your readers it’s a great idea to include random facts about you.)

5)Nominate 5 – 11 blogs that you feel deserve the award, who have a less than 200 followers. (Note that you can always ask the blog owner this since not all blogs display a widget that lets the readers know this information!)

6)List these rules in your post (You can copy and paste from here or simply link to this post.) Once you have written and published it, you then have to Inform the people/blogs you nominated that they have been nominated for the Liebster award and provide a link for them to your post or mine if you don’t have all the information so that they can learn about it (they might not have ever heard of it!)

Special thanks to plantsandbeyond for cover photo

Can I Buy A Prescription Drug Without A Prescription & Other Short Stories

The subject of drug abuse is so tender that we cannot pause to discuss about drug misuse.  Drug addiction is a state of physical or psychological dependence on a drug. This is a sympathetic problem and it is upsetting to find out that youth, young parents and quite a number of the older generation are victims of drug abuse and drug misuse just to escape the realities of day-to-day life. Misuse of prescription drugs, cocaine and cannabis is still evident despite the government “setting aside funds” to curb the same. It is nerve-racking to hear that professionals in the health sector especially in some reckless pharmaceutical enterprises are propagating drug misuse by dispensing mostly “abused drugs” over the counter, either without prescription or on an invalid prescription with the objective of boosting profits.

Ironically, no pun indented, drug abusers walk to pharmacies asking whether they can be selling to them certain prescription drugs without prescription, hoping a materialistic pharmacist will ravenously buy their idea. Actually, it is amusing no one will be ready to sell that to you, they already know it is illegal to buy without a prescription and probably understand the procedure is no prescription no medication but still insist on having the same. “First of all” pharmacists are not immune to temptations neither are they saints in anyway, sadly the field is not paying well too with the belief that healthcare is community service. Such potential setbacks are “drugging” the fight against drug abuse to what we are seeing today. Soon or later thing are going to become worse I told you they are not at the moment.

I have never travelled abroad to find out how hard or expensive it is to get a prescription but I appreciate our Kenyan doctors since they will never prescribe anything illegal with intentions of enhancing their profits. This should translate too at the pharmacy level, more importantly the community pharmacy. The freedom of being able to prescribe and dispense over the counter should not be abused for selfish gains. “Helping” an addict with substance abuse just for one moment, is not helping them at all, but only aggravates the situation further.

Being a trusted professional let it remain at NO PRESCRIPTION, NO MEDICATION and you cannot get it that anywhere else. See you next time and thank you for your time.

Great Prospects As Cosmos Pharmaceuticals Introduces More Generics

pic by Vwani

YOUR PRESCRIPTION is expensive, your physician has prescribed medication, mostly multinational brands which turn out to be very costly for your pocket. Most multinational brands happen to be very expensive in Kenya and sometimes finding a cheaper generic drug is hard. Well, Cosmos Kenya is giving patients more options by introducing a wide range of generics.

Adding quality to life and health has been the most esteemed recognition that Cosmos Limited is known for, being the leading manufacturer of pharmaceutical products in Kenya and East Africa. Almost 90% of public hospitals are supplied by Cosmos Limited and that has made most of its products more popular.

The Kenyan pharmaceutical market is jammed with cheap generic drugs from India which has led to Kenyans undermining their own locally manufactured products especially the private hospitals and chemists. This is probably one of the reason that has made Cosmos develop a large sense of responsibility and attention to quality along with qualified and motivated professional staff hence ensuring they come up with better generics.

Availability of these generics will save the hassle of Kenyans importing most medications from India. The price of filling a prescription may reduce making it easier for an average Kenyan to get treatment comfortably. Sourcing the products locally also promotes the local market. Let’s hope Kenyans will soon appreciate their own products and save money.